A New Covenant 2019
A Covenant with David
This year we have discovered lots of covenants. There are many more covenants cut in scripture than I ever imagined. This has been fascinating. We have explored covenants with one person, and families, nations, leaders, deceptive people, rulers of Egypt, judges, and best friends.
This morning, I want to move back to exploring one of the five major covenants. Most of the books or internet searches list five major covenants. Here are the five that are most people’s lists…
1) Noah’s Rainbow Covenant where God promised to not destroy humanity and the animals again.
2) Abraham’s Covenant to bless the earth – Through Abraham’s descendants the entire earth will be blessed.
3) The Mosaic Covenant for Israel – The Ten Commandments and the Law
4) David’s House Covenant – We are going to look at this morning
5) New Covenant in Christ – We have been working towards while on the way looking at lessons we can learn about the New Covenant from the other covenants.
I have been hinting toward other major covenants. I think there may be 7. I’m still working on the other two. One a covenant with creation in the beginning. The word covenant is not there, but, it has most of the 7 elements. There is, perhaps, a 7th involved with the reconciliation of all things. I hope to explore the “all things” passages of scripture in conjunction with the Seventh Covenant… some day in the future.
This morning we are exploring number 4… David’s House covenant. God’s covenant with David has a fundamental problem; something’s wrong; God doesn’t appear to keep his covenant with David. There’s a glitch. We need to un-glitch it.
Let’s do some background work moving up to the David’s House Covenant glitch.
Saul was the first king. Saul was anointed king.
1 Samuel 10:1 Then Samuel took a flask of oil and poured it on his head and kissed him and said, "Has not the LORD anointed you to be prince over his people Israel? And you shall reign over the people of the LORD and you will save them from the hand of their surrounding enemies. And this shall be the sign to you that the LORD has anointed you to be prince over his heritage…”
A new sign is added to number 6…
Seven Elements of an Effective Biblical Covenant – v3.7
1) Covenants create relationships by giving identity.
2) The parties in the covenant are named; one superior and one inferior.
3) Valuable blessings are granted.
4) Oaths are given. Covenants are often renewed!
5) A sacrifice cuts the Covenant.
Subpoint… Meals are involved in covenants.
6) There is a symbol to remember… Anointing!
7) Names and places are significant.
Kings, as part of their covenant to be king, are anointed. Oil is poured on their heads to symbolize the blood of the covenant changing their identity.
David is also anointed as King…
1 Samuel 16:1,12-13The LORD said to Samuel, "How long will you grieve over Saul, since I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have provided for myself a king among his sons." …and they brought David in. Now he was ruddy and had beautiful eyes and was handsome. And the LORD said, "Arise, anoint him, for this is he." Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forward.
Note, the symbol of a King’s covenant is anointing.
--After the death of Saul, David becomes king of Judah. After defeating Ish-bosheth, another of Saul’s sons, David rules over all of Israel.
--David captures Jerusalem. He makes it his capital.
--David brings the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem.
--David builds himself a palace.
--David wants to build the LORD a house; a temple in Jerusalem.
We are getting closer to the glitch we need to un-glitch.
2 Samuel 7:1-3Now when king David lived in his house and the LORD had given him rest from all his surrounding enemies, the king said to Nathan the prophet, "See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells in a tent." And Nathan said to the king, "Go, do all that is in your heart, for the LORD is with you."
Nathan says, “Yes, that’s a splendid idea!” But later that night, he hears from God…
2 Samuel 7:4-7But that same night the word of the LORD came to Nathan, "Go and tell my servant David, 'Thus says the LORD: Would you build me a house to dwell in? I have not lived in a house since the day I brought up the people of Israel from Egypt to this day, (500 years) but I have been moving about in a tent for my dwelling. In all places where I have moved with all the people of Israel, did I speak a word with any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd my people Israel, saying, "Why have you not built me a house of cedar?"'
2 Samuel 7:8-17Now, therefore, thus you shall say to my servant David… Moreover, the LORD declares to you that the LORD will make you a house. When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.'" In accordance with all these words, and in accordance with all this vision, Nathan spoke to David.
Wow! Instead of David building a house for YHWH, YHWH will build a house for David. Notice the details…
--One of David’s sons is going to be king after him.
--That son will build the Temple.
--That son’s throne will be forever.
--That son will be disciplined, but not removed like Saul.
--The House of David will be established forever!
David is thrilled with this covenant. It is all that David wanted! David knows that his descendants will rule Israel in perpetuity.
Here is the glitch, which needs to be un-glitched. At least two of the five promises don’t happen!
--One of his sons is going to be king after him. Check - Solomon
--That son will build the temple. Check – Solomon builds a magnificent temple
--That son’s throne will be forever. – No check – When Solomon dies Israel is divided.
--The son will be disciplined but not removed like Saul. – Sort of check – Solomon is not removed, but I don’t recall him being disciplined.
--The House of David will be established forever! Not Check – The last king in the Davidic Dynasty is deposed in 586 BC. There has been no actual Jewish King ruling in Jerusalem for over 2,500 years.
There is our glitch… The House YHWH built for David did not last forever.
Let’s attempt to un-glitch this.
Let’ begin by exploring David’s House covenant a bit deeper…
As you know, King Solomon did great for many years. He was the wisest and riches king ever. But then, he let his pagan wives lead him away from YHWH. Finally, YHWH tells him…
1 Kings 11:11-13Therefore the LORD said to Solomon, "Since this has been your practice and you have not kept my covenant and my statutes that I have commanded you, I will surely tear the kingdom from you and will give it to your servant. Yet, for the sake of David your father, I will not do it in your days, but I will tear it out of the hand of your son. However, I will not tear away all the kingdom, but I will give one tribe to your son, for the sake of David my servant and for the sake of Jerusalem that I have chosen."
David’s House covenant appears to be conditional. The promises of forever appear to be based upon the King keeping his part of the Covenant. Forever… as long as you keep the covenant.
This is certainly what the prophets thought…
Jeremiah 11:10-11“They have turned back to the iniquities of their forefathers, who refused to hear my words. They have gone after other gods to serve them. The house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken my covenant that I made with their fathers. Therefore, thus says the LORD, behold, I am bringing disaster upon them that they cannot escape. Though they cry to me, I will not listen to them.”
Both the Mosaic covenant and David’s house covenant appear to be conditional… forever was based in their obedience to the covenant.
That sort of un-glitches it.
But there is something more going on here, that helps with the glitch.
The New Testament explains that in the New Covenant there is fulfillment of David’s House Covenant. Watch… beginning with an angel at Christmas.
Luke 1:30-33And the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end."
Wow… the Son of David, the Son of the Most High, will be the forever-ruler of King David’s House!
Jesus understands it this way…
Matthew 22:41-45Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, saying, "What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?" They said to him, "The son of David." He said to them, "How is it then that David, in the Spirit, calls him Lord, saying, "'The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet'? If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?"
This is fun. Kings in the Old Testament are referred to as “sons of God”.
Psalm 2:6-7"As for me, I have set my King on Zion, my holy hill." I will tell of the decree: The LORD said to me, "You are my Son; today I have begotten you.”
There is a dual meaning here for Jesus. He is the Son of God, literally. He is the son of God figuratively; as King! This confuses the Pharisees. Jesus is the Son of God and the son of God; a king!
It gets even more interesting… when Jesus is on trial right before his death.
Mark 14:60-62And the high priest stood up in the midst and asked Jesus, "Have you no answer to make? What is it that these men testify against you?" But he remained silent and made no answer. Again, the high priest asked him, "Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?" And Jesus said, "I am, and you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven."
Jesus quotes Daniel!
Daniel 7:13-14 “I saw in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven there came one like a son of man, and he came to the Ancient of Days and was presented before him. And to him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve him; his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom one that shall not be destroyed.”
Jesus claims he is the Christ. Christ means… the Anointed One; Kings are anointed! He is the Son of Blessed and the Son of Man of Daniel who will reign an everlasting Kingdom! And watch this…
Revelation 19:11-16Then I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse! The one sitting on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war. His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems, and he has a name written that no one knows but himself. He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and the name by which he is called is The Word of God. And the armies of heaven, arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses. From his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron. He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty. On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords.
Jesus un-glitches the “forever” of David’s House Covenant. Jesus, Christ; the Anointed King, the Son of God, the son of man, the son of David, the King of Kings and Lord of lords… rules David’s House forever and ever! Bam! Un-glitched!
July 7, 2019
Los Alamos Church of Christ